Racism, xenophobia, islamophobia, Euroscepticism, ultraconservatism, antisemitism, homophobia, Nazism….these are the values and the ideologies more or less shared by the different far right trends that are spreading around Europe. From United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) to Jobbik, far right is quickly growing across the union due to the economic crisis. Last week, we saw some examples of this boom: Firstly, Denmark’s far right party Dansk Folkeparty won 37 seats in the General Elections, becoming the second largest party in the country. Secondly, Marine Le Pen, Front National (FN) leader, finally obtained the support from a UKIP dissident MEP to create its own fascist European Parliament Group. Now, there are two far right Parliamentary Groups in the EP: Europe for Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD) led by UKIP and M5S, and Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENL), led by FN, Lega Nord and FPÖ.
The institutional spread of the far right is a problem but at the same time a symptom of what’s happening in the society. In this times of rapid change, those who are abandoned by this neo-liberal train of “progress”, are more likely to chose those electoral options (far right) that in a certain way want to return to an idyllic and unrealistic past. In this overoptimistic past, moors, niggers, Muslims, gays and transsexuals, have no place. Instead, order, authority, communitarianism and Cristianism; are its basis. This utopian past is the framing of all this far-right values listed at the beginning, and it has been so effective, that for example in 2001 in the Denmark elections “an analysis by the trade union SiD after the election, stated that among unskilled workers aged under 40, 30% voted for DPP and only 25% for the Social Democrats” . Hence, it’s not just the middle class who fears to lose its status due to the economic crisis, but the unskilled workers, who have been always in a crisis, who support these far-right options. As Antonio Gramsci said in the 30’s “The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear.”
Far-right parties aim, society shoot. Moreover, the problem here is not the parties or its charismatic leaders, but the voters who support them. Fighting fascism mainly in the institutions as French parties do just reinforces the far-right discourse, in which all the politicians are part of a caste called “partitocracy”. When voters see the social democrats, centrists, liberals and even communists or greens making political alliances to avoid a far-right party being in the power, they think that this party (despite they will never consider themselves as far-right) has something that others don’t have. That’s why some of these fascist parties are considered anti-establishment: they are always fighting against everything.
So the solution is to change society’s view of “these fascists politicians” by making pedagogy. No one wants to be considered a fascist, Nazi, racist or homophobic, so we have to identify this far-right parties with these values. Showing that the crisis is not immigrants or southern Europe population’s fault, is the sole way to stop the spread of this “clichés” among the society. The way to make this pedagogy is by creating popular movements supported by all the democratic civil society, trade unions and political parties (from far left to centre right), to make a permanent campaign in the streets and from the institutions (by for example creating intergroups against fascism and racism, in the parliaments). There has been some successful examples of this popular fronts as for example Unity Against Fascism in the UK, or its counterpart Unitat Contra el Feixisme i el Racisme in Catalonia. As this far-right problem is a European problem, the solution must be a European one, but we have to be in every village in every neighbourhood